Παρασκευή, 25 Μαΐου 2018

.''Συμπληρωματικό ΜΝΗΜΟΝΙΟ 2018'' MoU με την Ε.Ε. . Μάιος 2018

 Γράφει ο κ..       Κίμων Στεριώτης



                "ΣΥΜΠΛΗΡΩΜΑΤΙΚΟ ΜΝΗΜΟΝΙΟ":
      ΚΑΤΑΣΤΡΕΠΤΙΚΟ ΓΙΑ ΔΕΗ ΚΑΙ ΚΑΤΑΝΑΛΩΤΕΣ...

1)           ΑΥΞΗΣΗ ΛΟΓΑΡΙΑΣΜΩΝ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΟΣ ΓΙΑ ΑΝΑΝΕΩΣΙΜΕΣ ΜΕΣΩ ΑΥΞΗΣΗΣ ΠΑΡΑΓΩΓΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΕΛΩΝ ΕΤΜΕΑΡ...
2)            ΚΑΜΜΙΑ ΠΡΟΒΛΕΨΗ ΓΙΑ ΤΟΥΣ ΑΠΛΗΡΩΤΟΥΣ ΛΟΓΑΡΙΑΣΜΟΥΣ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΗ ΔΕΗ ΄ΠΟΥ "ΣΗΚΩΝΕΙ" ΜΟΝΗ ΤΗΣ ΤΕΡΑΣΤΙΑ ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΚΑ ΒΑΡΗ......ΚΑΙ ΟΧΙ ΑΝΑΛΟΓΙΚΑ ΟΙ ΙΔΙΩΤΕΣ ΠΟΥ ΘΑ ΠΑΡΟΥΝ ΤΟ 40% ΤΗΣ ΛΙΓΝΙΤΙΚΗΣ ΠΑΡΑΓΩΓΗΣ ΤΗΣ...
3)            ΣΥΝΕΧΙΣΗ ΤΗΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΗΣ ΔΗΜΟΠΡΑΣΙΩΝ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΟΣ ΚΑΤΩ ΤΟΥ ΚΟΣΤΟΥΣ ΠΑΡΑΓΩΓΗΣ ΤΗΣ ΔΕΗ ΣΕ ΟΦΕΛΟΣ ΤΩΝ .....ΧΟΝΔΡΕΜΠΟΡΩΝ...
4)           ΑΝΑΠΡΟΣΑΡΜΟΓΗ ΤΟΥ ΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΚΟΥ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΟΥ ΤΙΜΟΛΟΓΙΟΥ (ΚΟΤ), ΑΛΛΑ ΜΕ ΤΗ ΔΕΗ ΝΑ ΕΞΑΚΟΛΟΥΘΕΙ ΝΑ ΣΗΚΩΝΕΙ ΜΌΝΗ ΤΗΣ ΤΑ "ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΚΑ ΒΑΡΗ", ΧΩΡΙΣ ΚΑΜΜΙΑ ΥΠΟΧΡΕΩΣΗ ΤΩΝ ΛΟΙΠΩΝ ΠΑΡΟΧΩΝ ΝΑ ΑΝΑΛΑΒΟΥΝ ΕΝΑ ΠΟΣΟΣΤΟ ΤΟΥ ΣΧΕΤΙΚΟΥ ΚΟΣΤΟΥΣ...
Εξάλλου, δεν υπάρχει καμμία αναφορά όσον αφορά στο Μέλλον:

1) Των Υδροηλεκτρικών Σταθμών Παραγωγής.

2) Των Αυτονομων Σταθμών Παραγωγής των μη διασυνδεδεμένων νησιών (Κρήτης, Ρόδου κλπ) που βαρύ νουν ιδιαίτερα τη ΔΕΗ, κυρίως σε περιόδους γενικής ανόδου των Διεθνών Τιμών των υγρών καυσίμων...
Το σχετικό κείμενο του "Συμπληρωματικού Μνημονίου  2018 " για τις συμφωνηθείσες αλλαγές στην Ενεργειακή Πολιτική προβλέπει τα ακόλουθα:


      ''   The Greek energy markets need wide-ranging and structural reforms to bring them in line with EU legislation and policies, make them more modern and competitive, reduce monopolistic rents and inefficiencies, promote innovation, favour a wider adoption of renewable energy and gas, and ensure the transfer of benefits of all these changes to consumers. 
i. Structural measures relating to lignite-fired generation capacity. With a view to complying with recent judgments of the European Courts in relation to Commission decisions C(2008) 824, C(2009) 6244 and C(2018) 2104 (adopted on 17 April 2018) on lignite, the authorities have agreed to implement structural measures relating to lignite-fired generation capacity. The following principles, which have been endorsed by KYSOIP,
apply to the structural measures relating to lignite-fired generation capacity:
a. The measures shall consist of the divestment of the Public Power Corporation’s (PPC) lignite-fired generation capacity to existing or new alternative suppliers and other investors.
b. PPC shall not have any participation or link, including preferential supply of electricity, with any divested entity. In line with the European Commission’s practice as set out in the merger remedies notice, the purchaser(s):
• shall be independent of and unconnected to PPC and its affiliated undertakings;
• shall have the financial resources, proven expertise and incentive to maintain and develop the divested generation capacity as a viable and active competitive force in competition with PPC and other competitors;
• shall neither be likely to create, in light of the information available, prima facie competition concerns nor give rise to a risk that the implementation of the structural measures will be delayed.
c. The divestment shall represent around 40% of PPC’s lignite-fired generation capacity, in accordance with the Commission Decision (C(2018) 2104) adopted on 17 April 2018 and the law "Structural measures on access to lignite and the further opening of the wholesale electricity market and other provisions" (FEK A 75/2018, Law 4533/2018) that was passed by the Hellenic Parliament on 25 April 2018. The exact percentage will be defined with technical discussions with Commission, according to the aforementioned judgments and decisions on lignite. The divestment shall have equivalent economic characteristics to PPC's lignite-fired generation capacity, in particular in terms of efficiency and lifetime, reflecting commissioning and decommissioning of lignite-fired generation capacity. d. The measures will be designed and implemented following the applicable competition procedural rules. Commission Decision C(2018) 2104 and Law 4533/2018 confirm the divestment through two spin-off businesses of (1) the lignite-fired plant of Meliti 1 and option for a new Meliti 2 plant; and
(2) units 3 and 4 of Megalopoli and of all related assets and resources as described in the Schedule of the Commitments (hereafter the Divestment Business(es)) as going concern(s) to one or more purchaser(s), according to the terms of sale, divestment procedure and timeframe approved by the Commission. The adopted law by the Parliament also includes specific rules as concerns the employees at the Divestment Business(es). Regarding the lignite-fired power plants which are not part of the Divestment Business(es) as defined in the Commitments, it is upon PPC to decide on investments and consider life-time extensions. Following the adoption of Law 4533/2018, the Hellenic Republic will, as a prior action, fully and correctly implement all the necessary steps for the effective divestment to the purchaser(s) of the Divestment Business(es) in accordance with the Commission Decision 26 (C(2018) 2104), including the adoption of all the necessary legislative, regulatory and corporate measures and/or resolutions, the carve-out and spin-off of the Divestment Business(es), as well as the official launch of the international open tender procedure run by PPC, that will be based on a fair valuation and will ensure the legitimate financial interests of the company and its shareholders. The Divestment will effectively be completed by end2018.
ii. NOME auctions and possible additional structural measures NOME auctions will be continued, with the quantities to be auctioned adjusted following the monitoring mechanism, so that, in combination with the adopted structural measures, they ensure the agreed market share reduction targets for PPC, as laid down in the MoU. With a view to continuing reducing, progressively, PPC’s retail and wholesale market share below 50% in a sustainable and permanent way, promoting competition in the electricity market and removing distortions, RAE has decided, in accordance with the provisions of the KYSOIP NOME Action Plan,
(i) the overall ex-ante quantities to be auctioned for 2018, i.e. 19% (13% multiplied by the total volume of electricity in the interconnected system in 2017 plus 6% rollover of the 2016 total volume in the interconnected system, with the physical deliveries of the rollover starting in December of the year), unless promptly adjusted by the monitoring mechanism in the two auctions following the ascertainment of a deviation,
(ii) the number of auctions which will need to be launched in 2018 in order to achieve the target and
(iii) the quantities per auction.
In June 2018, the authorities will, as a prior action, revise the reserve price of the auctions based on RAE’s proposal, to incorporate
(i) CO2 prices as specified in law 4389/2016, as amended by law 4393/2016, and
(ii) updated data for PPC production costs, in line with the methodology deriving the initial Reserve Price. Following the first joint assessment with the institutions, taking into account the lignite structural measures and the indicative plan for the introduction of the forward market under the Target Model, the authorities will, as a prior action, amend the KYSOIP action plan and legislation related to NOME. In particular:
a. Once the launch of the international tender and the spin-off of the lignite divesture businesses takes place, additional quantities due to the adjustment mechanism on the assessment of the interim targets of June 2018 will be reduced by 50%. RAE will implement the modified monitoring mechanism, such that the adjusted quantities will be equally spread over the two auctions following the ascertainment of a deviation, which occurred in semester S;
b. Once the selection of preferred bidder(s) and the signature of the SPA with the selected bidder(s) regarding the lignite divesture will be finalized, the above adjustment mechanism will cease to be in effect;
c. Once the financial closure of the agreement(s) and the selected bidder(s) take over the management of the respective plant(s) the overall NOME quantities to be auctioned in 2019 will be 13% multiplied by the total volume of electricity in the interconnected system in 2018; d. When the new electricity markets are introduced under the Target Model, the NOME regulated forward products characteristics will converge with the characteristics of the new markets (forward, day-ahead and balancing), in particular with respect to their financial settlement, physical delivery and balance responsibility. The authorities will undertake a new joint assessment by September 2019 with the institutions in addition to the already existing semestrial impact assessment, inter alia taking into account:
• the introduction of the new markets under the Target Model, including the forward market,
• the completion of the structural measures relating to lignite-fired generation capacity,
• the effect of the NOME mechanism in the electricity market,
• the evolution of the retail market shares,
• the potential need for alternative policy and/or structural measures with the overall objective of maximizing the benefit to consumers.
The first such joint assessment by the authorities and institutions has taken place regarding the adjustment of the NOME mechanism due to the structural measures relating to lignite fired generation capacity. For the future planned joint assessments the authorities will provide all relevant information for this assessment to the institutions (see TMU Section QQ); LAGIE shall provide full and timely information on auction results, nominations, deliveries and re-sales on the secondary market, as well as market shares per player, on a monthly basis (see TMU Section PP).
iii. PPC financial situation.
PPC will implement the action plan to address arrears agreed as part of the second review and report on its implementation. In particular, the authorities will
(i) as a prior action, finalise the electricity supply contract between the Hellenic Republic and PPC for public entities as agreed in the 3rd review and clear all arrears of public sector entities covered by this supply contract; and
(ii) take all necessary action to ensure the smooth implementation of the action plan and provide a detailed report on its implementation, including the report submitted by the contracted consultant, on the basis of which further potential efforts regarding private sector arrears can be specified. As a prior action the authorities will introduce a legislative amendment in the Law 4067/2012 that will ensure that no fiscal issue will arise for the years 2018, 2019 and 2020 from the review of the Social Residential Tariff for electricity that is part of the PSO account (see TMU section xx). The PSO level going forward will be adjusted as needed, such that no new deficit will be accumulated on an annual basis, taking into account the interconnections entering into operation in each year, which will be ensured by a monitoring and adjustment mechanism that provides for the respective actions taken through secondary legislation in case of any over or under performance of the PSO account. Any financing from the State budget will be dependent on the available fiscal space for that year.
iv. RES account. As a prior action,
(i) the supplier surcharge will be reduced by the forecast annual surplus in the RES account for 2018 (Step 1 – amendment adopted on 25 April 2018 by the Hellenic Parliament, Article 143 of Law 4001/2011, included as Article 12 of FEK A 75/2018);
(ii) the supplier surcharge will be further reduced and equal (a) by 1 January 2019, 50% of the total charge; and (b) further reduced by 1 January 2020, 30% of the total charge; and (c) will be completely phased out by end of 2020;
(iii) the CO2 permission rights (current revenue stream of RES account) will be set at least at 65% for 2019 and 2020;
(iv) any surplus of the RES account, beyond the buffer, until full removal of the supplier surcharge will be allocated to the reduction of the supplier surcharge; (v) commitment to maintain a buffer of EUR 70 28 million; and
(vi) if a deficit arises of the RES account other revenue streams, including the ETMEAR will need to be increased accordingly. Further, the authorities commit to maintain the RES account in balance, for example through committing to notify to EC and introduce a new RES revenue scheme that will become operational in 2021 and be fully compliant with the Energy and Environmental Guidelines (EEAG). The reformed scheme and any additional revenues to be applied as of January 2021 should ensure that RES account remains in balance and viable on the way forward.
v. Capacity mechanism. The authorities will, as a prior action, notify a new flexibility mechanism, replacing the temporary one, which has expired in April 2017, in line with Energy and Environmental Aid Guidelines. In particular, the flexibility mechanism should be based on a thorough adequacy assessment including a reliability standard and it should be based on a competitive allocation process. In order to achieve this, the authorities will also implement the commitments agreed with the European Commission under the approval decision on the temporary flexibility mechanism scheme (review of secondary reserve price cap, actual hydro power availability, market-based methods for tertiary reserve). Subsequently, the authorities will also notify, based on a thorough adequacy assessment including a reliability standard, and implement a permanent capacity mechanism in line with the Energy and Environmental Aid Guidelines, including a competitive allocation process and open to all potential capacity providers.
Φωτογραφία του Κίμων Στεριώτης.

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